Applied Materials and Sustainability Sciences (AMSS)







Render of computer processor chip

Our Partners


We're partnering with Lam to simulate a key step in atomic-scale chip fabrication, an increasingly critical process that aims to remove single atomic layers from silicon surfaces, one at a time.


Our partnership with Samsung has focused on the etching of computer logic and memory patterns on microscopically thin layers of chips — key applications of plasma in chip fabrication.


For Applied Materials, we're developing new plasma diagnostics and modeling tools for key processing steps such as atomic-scale etching in microchip manufacturing.




Render of diamond with quantum information
Quantum Diamond

Photoluminescence with above-bandgap excitation in layered diamond

Bringing the World of
Quantum Physics into Light

With Princeton University, we're currently developing a next-generation diamond sensor with capabilities that range from imaging single molecules to guiding aircraft by detecting slight anomalies in the Earth’s magnetic field. This work is supported by a highly competitive three-year, $5.2-million award from the Department of Energy.

Industrial plant in field of green grass
Robotic manufacturing arm using electrical energy


Ongoing Projects

  • Use of plasma to enhance conversion of natural gas (methane) to hydrogen

  • Use of plasma or electric heating to produce ammonia from air and hydrogen

  • Use of electricity to produce useful chemicals and fuel from carbon dioxide


Sun rays bouncing off of Earth's atmospheric shield


Ongoing Projects

  • Better understanding of aerosol-light-cloud dynamics

  • Research and discovery around new, environmentally benign, scalable aerosol materials that may feature desirable properties for solar radiation management campaigns. This includes stratospheric aerosol injection and cirrus cloud thinning




Meet the Team

Emily Carter
Associate Lab Director for Applied Materials and Sustainability Sciences
Phil Efthimion
Deputy Associate Lab Director for Applied Materials and Sustainability Sciences
Mark Martirez
Staff Research Scientist and Deputy Advisor for Sustainability Sciences
Igor Kaganovich
Principal Research Physicist, Deputy Head, Theory Department
Solar Radiation Management
Yevgeny Raitses
Managing Principal Research Physicist
David Graves
Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University
Quantum Materials and Devices