A Collaborative National Center for Fusion & Plasma Research
February 25, 2015,
4:15pm to 5:30pm

MSB Auditorium

COLLOQUIUM: Why we have solar cells but not yet nuclear fusion

Professor Niek Lopes Cardozo
Eindhoven University of Technology

The energy market being the largest market in the world, a new energy technology has to grow by at least four orders of magnitude from multi-MW prototypes to 1% market share. With reference to the analysis by Kramer and Haigh [1], we first consider historical data on the introduction of new energy technologies. Quite independent of the particular technology full deployment takes more than 60 years. During the first 3 decades the growth is exponential. This phase does not contribute to energy production yet calls for an investment of more than 1000 billion dollar. What does this mean for the development of fusion? Is fusion expensive and taking forever, as critics say, or does it follow the same trend as other technologies? And why do we have solar cells but not yet fusion?

Taking fusion energy and solar panels as examples, we discuss the differences between large unit-size, centralised sources and small unit-size distributed systems, from a technological and risk management perspective as well as an economical perspective.

 [1] Kramer, G.J., Haigh, M., No quick switch to low-carbon energy; Nature; 462(7273):568-569; 2009

Colloquium Committee: 

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2019-2020 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia.

Carol Ann Austin, caustin@pppl.gov
Marc-Andre DeLooz, mdelooz@pppl.gov
Erik Gilson, egilson@pppl.gov
Jessica Ilagan, jilagan@pppl.gov
Igor Kaganovich, ikaganov@pppl.gov

  • Carol Ann Austin 609-243-2484

U.S. Department of Energy
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory managed by Princeton University.

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