Goldston is a Professor of Astrophysical Sciences at Princeton University and an international leader in the fields of plasma physics and magnetic fusion energy. He is the author of 220 papers in journals and conference proceedings, and in 1995 co-authored with Paul Rutherford the textbook "Introduction to Plasma Physics." He is a contributing author to five other books. In 1988 he was awarded the American Physical Society Prize for Excellence in Plasma Physics. Goldston is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. From 1997 to 2009, he served as Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), a collaborative national center for plasma and fusion science. PPPL's primary mission is to develop the scientific understanding and key innovations that will lead to an attractive fusion energy source. Goldston has been a primary contributor to the physics design and experimental program planning for several major, innovative magnetic fusion devices. He played a leading role in the design of experiments and the high-level data analysis for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). TFTR was the largest magnetic fusion facility in the U.S. and one of only two in the world to operate with deuterium-tritium plasmas. TFTR achieved world-record values of fusion power and made fundamental contributions to the understanding of high-temperature plasmas. He collaborated on the development of the physics mission of the National Spherical Torus Experiment. He is a leader in the U.S. magnetic fusion community and plays a key role in the overall planning of the U.S. Fusion Energy Sciences Program funded by the Department of Energy.