The Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) is committed to conducting research that ensures protection of the workers in all of its facilities. This commitment extends to foreign researchers visiting our laboratories and U.S. personnel traveling abroad to participate in experiments and meetings. Protecting our workers is a direct and individual responsibility of all FES managers and FES supported research staff. We also want to provide assurances to our collaborators that we are taking the necessary steps to provide for their safety.
In order to help meet this responsibility we initiated an exchange program involving a Joint Working Group (JWG) on Safety with our Japanese colleagues in the mid 1990’s. The JWG conducts alternating visits every 1-2 years to major fusion research laboratories in Japan and the U.S. Because of the increasing scope and importance of the U.S.-China collaborations in the area of fusion research it was appropriate to mirror this program between the U.S. and China as well. The first rounds of visits in China occurred in December of 2009. The Chinese team visited the U.S. in November 2010.
The JWG on Safety will be comprised of a small group (3-4) of safety experts from each country representing their major fusion laboratories. For instance, in one year the JWG will visit major fusion research laboratories in China (ASIPP and SWIP) and Japan (JAEA, NIFS, Univ. of Tokyo), while the following year the JWG will visit U.S. laboratories (for example, PPPL, General Atomics, MIT). These alternating visits will include general facility orientations and specific discussion of safety systems and policies implemented at each location. After each visit the JWG will prepare a report providing observations that may be used by both parties to improve the safety of all of our researchers. It is important to emphasize that this is not an inspection and is not meant to have any regulatory function. It is meant merely to educate, observe, and exchange information involving successful safety system implementation.
Japan Fusion Facilities
National Institute for Fusion Science - Large Helical Device - http://www.lhd.nifs.ac.jp/en/
Japan Atomic Energy Agency - Naka Fusion Institute - JT-60SA - http://www-jt60.naka.jaea.go.jp/english/index-e.html
University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Frontier Sciences - Kashiwa Campus - http://www.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/fusion-pro/
China Fusion Facilities
Academy of Science Institute of Plasma Physics - EAST - http://english.hf.cas.cn/r/ResearchPrograms/PlasmaPhysics/
Southwestern Institute of Physics - Center for Fusion Science - HL-2M - http://www.swip.ac.cn/cfs/english/
U.S. Fusion Facilities
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory - NSTX - http://www.pppl.gov/nstx
Idaho National Laboratory - Safety and Tritium Applied Research (STAR) - http://nuclear.inl.gov/fusionsafety/experiments/
General Atomics - DIII-D - https://fusion.gat.com/global/DIII-D
Reports - listed below
National Institute for Fusion Science - Safety Handbook - English version https://pppl.princeton.edu/sites/pppl/files/basic_pages_files/NIFS%20Safety%20Handbook%202011.pdf